This Friday, December 17, Google honored French mathematician, physicist and philosopher milie du Chtelet with a new Doodle on her 315th birthday, featuring an illustration of Chtelet studying and wearing an elegant blue dress.
Born under the name Gabrielle-milie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil on December 17, 1706 in Paris, France, she came from an aristocratic family; she studied subjects such as science, music and literature, as well as receiving lessons in fencing and linguistics, and at just 12 years of age was fluent in French, German, Greek, Italian and Latin.
At 18, she married the Marquis Florent-Claude du Chastellet-Lomont in 1725, although in 1733 milie du Chtelet decided to resume her studies of mathematics and science, having the most prominent professors in France as tutors.
In 1937 she wrote a physics paper published by the French Academy of Sciences suggesting that different colors of light had different energies, with which she predicted the existence of infrared radiation.
In addition, she associated with the French Enlightenment writer and philosopher Voltaire, publishing the book Elements of Newton’s Philosophy in 1738, a watershed in making Newtonian physics easier to understand.
However, milie du Chtelet’s work was overshadowed by her long romantic relationship with Voltaire, with whom they were friends, lovers and even rivals.
Chtelet also published The Foundations of Physics in…