Monday’s Google Doodle celebrates the 104th birthday of Kamal Ranadive, an Indian biomedical researcher known for her groundbreaking research on the connection cancers have with certain viruses.
Born Nov. 8, 1917, in Pune, India, Ranadive excelled in medical studies but chose instead to pursue a career in biological research. While working as a researcher in the Indian Cancer Research Centre, she earned a doctorate in cytology — the study of cells — and took a fellowship at Johns Hopkins University.
After the fellowship concluded, Ranadive returned to India and the ICRC, where she established the country’s first tissue culture laboratory in the 1960s. While serving as the ICRC’s director, she was among the first to propose a connection between development of breast cancer and heredity, as well as linking the susceptibility of cancer with hormones.
Ranadive’s research on the bacteria related to leprosy was instrumental in the development of a vaccine against the infectious disease. Her research of cancer through the medium of animals also led to greater…